Hougham, John Scherer

Hougham, John Scherer

Male 1821 - 1894  (72 years)

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  • Name Hougham, John Scherer 
    Born 28 May 1821  Connersville Fayette in Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 31 Mar 1894  Manhatten,Riley Ks Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Johnson Co. Court Records 1823-1853 H 977.241 Hol
      Page 573. James S. White the guardian of Jennetta R. and Mary L.White and of
      Elizabeth K. Israel (late White) petitioned the court to sell their interest in
      real estate in sections 4 and 5, township 11, range 5. M.P. Adams,William H.
      Barnett and JOHN S. HOUGHAM were appointed to appraise it. August15, 1851.


      SOLAR COMPASS
      John S. Hougham (1821-1894, Franklin Indiana) graduated from Wabash College in 1846 and from 1848-1867 was Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy at Franklin College in Indiana. Also during this time he served as the Johnson County Surveyor and the City of Franklin Civil Engineer. From 1868-1872 he was the Chairman of Philosophy and Agriculture at Kansas State University. From 1872-1876 he was the Chairman of Agricultural Chemistry at Purdue University. The rare solar compass was made about 1860. At this time Hougham advertised as a maker of mathematical instruments in the Indiana State Gazetteer. R. Elgin

      From McNabbs Aug term 1848: appointed surveyor for three years. Johnson County, Indiana Commissioner's Book B, p43.
      1848: joined faculty of Franklin College (until 1863). He had an L.L. D. degree and taught math and natural philosophy. History of Johnson County, Indiana, Elba L. Branigan. Indianapolis: B.F. Bowen and Co. 1913. p288.
      13 July 1849: deed from Henry and Dorothy Banta of Marion County, Indiana, to John S. Hougham of Johnson County, Indiana, for $800, 7 acres, part of E ½ SE ¼ S14 T12N R4E.
      14 July 1849: deed from Henry Banta and wife Dorothy of Marion County, Indiana, for $200, part of W½ SW¼ S13 T12N R4E.
      10 Aug 1849: deed from John S. and Mary Ann Hougham to George and Margaret Burk, all of Johnson County, Indiana for $150, 1/3 A, part of E ½ SW ¼ S14 T12N R4E lying northwest of Franklin College in Franklin, Johnson, Indiana.
      8 Mar 1851: bought back the 1/3 A he had sold to George Burk in 1849.
      no date: deed from John S. and Mary Hougham of Johnson County, Indiana, to Squire O. W. Garrett for $1100, lot #45 in Hougham's addition to East Franklin, Johnson County, Indiana.
      Dec term 1851: ordered that J. S. Hougham be allowed the sum of 60 dollars in services in making and preparing book of fence rates as per bill on file. Johnson County, Indiana, Commissioner's Book B p289.
      13 Apr 1853: Franklin, Indiana, east addition #2, recorded 18 Jan. History of Johnson County, Indiana, p544.
      1854-56: appointed county surveyor. History of Johnson County, Indiana, p117.
      11 Oct 1856: executor for will of Emily Knowlton.
      6 Dec 1858: executor for will of Ambrose Armstrong.
      18 Apr 1864: executor for will of Samual Dow.
      1868: worked with Johnson County, Indiana, civil engineers. History of Johnson County, Indiana, p537.
      no date: principal stockholder of the Indiana Farmer's Bank. History of Johnson County, Indiana, p303.

      History of Washington, Clay, and Riley Counties, Kansas, 1890, Chicago: Chapman Brothers, biographical sketch of John Scherer Hougham.

      Prof. John Scherer Hougham was born in Fayette County, Indiana, to which his parents had previously moved from Preble County, Ohio. When he was nine years of age the family removed from Fayette to Johnson County. Here, until eighteen years old, he assisted his father on the farm, and attended during the winter months a “subscription school,” in a log school-house with puncheon floor and seats, and greased paper windows. At the age of eighteen, with the rudiments of an education thus acquired, he began his career for himself as a district school teacher, and taught two terms, one of three and one of four months, in Shelby County, Indiana. In March, 1840, being then nearly nineteen years of age, and desirous of still further advancing his education, he went to Crawfordsville and there entered the preparatory department of Wabash College. He continued a student at that institution, teaching during vacation to enable him to pay his board and tuition, until July 26, 1846, when he was graduated, receiving the degree of B.A. From college he went to Danville, Ind., and became principal of the Hendricks County Seminary, a position he retained until July, 1848. No 26, 1847, he was married to Miss Mary A. Knowlton, in Shelby County, which was the bride's home and the place of her birth. She was the daughter of Joshua and Eliza (Holmes) Knowlton, her father being a native of New York, and her mother of Connecticut.

      Resigning his position as principal of the Hendricks County Seminary, in July, 1848, Prof. Hougham accepted that of Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy in Franklin College, at Franklin, Indiana, which he held until the end of the civil year 1853, when he was transferred to the Chair of Agricultural Chemistry and kindred sciences, which he occupied till the spring of 1863. When he was thus transferred he asked and obtained a leave of absence for one year, which he spent in taking a post-graduate course in the Natural Sciences in Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.

      In 1863 the war made such a demand upon the patriotism of the country, to which demand no other State responded more promptly or liberally than did Indiana, that Franklin College suffered in consequence, contributing largely to the number of commissioned officers, besides her full quota of privates. Indeed, among the very first to respond to the call of the country were the college students, and their number dwindled away until but two wounded soldiers remained, and there being practically no students left to teach, Prof. Hougham requested and was granted an indefinite leave of absence. Leaving Franklin College he took active charge and oversight of his farms near Franklin, in which he remained until April, 1868, when he was offered and accepted the Chair of Agriculture in the Kansas State Agricultural College at Manhattan, Kan. At that time this State was comparatively poor, and the Agricultural College, a mere bantling compared with the present splendidly equipped institution and farm, and Prof. Hougham began his career as a member of its faculty under disadvantages, and amid obstacles to which the college is now happily a stranger. He brought to his new position thorough scholarship, wise judgment, good executive ability, and practical experience as an agriculturist, and cheerfully met and discharged its duties until April, 1872, when he resigned and accepted the Professorship of General and Analytical Chemistry, in Purdue University at LaFayette, Indiana, to which place he removed with his family, except his son Henry, who remained at Manhattan and occupied the family residence there.

      Prof. Hougham continued a member of the faculty of Purdue University until July, 1876, and during the next four years he gave his time and attention principally to his own personal business. His monetary interests lay chiefly in farms and wild lands in Indiana, Iowa, Missouri and Kansas. Looking after these required no small amount of labor and care. In 1881 he returned to and resumed his residence near Manhattan. His wife, who was at that time afflicted with a cancer; died June 13, 1882. She was a woman of education and culture, a devout Christian, faithful to all her duties as a wife and mother, beloved by her husband and her children, and most highly esteemed by all who knew her.

      Since resigning his position in Purdue University Prof. Hougham has had no regular connection with any educational institution. A man, however, of his broad culture, ripe scholarship and intellectual industry could not well refrain from work in the schools. In response to demands for his services he has, in the meantime, in addition to actively superintending and overseeing his farms and lands, delivered five courses of lectures on “Chemistry and Physics,” in Bethany College, Topeka; four courses on the same at Cooper Academy, Dayton, Ohio, and two at the Western Female Seminary at Oxford, Ohio.

      In recognition of his learning and scholarship and of his marked ability as an educator, and without his seeking or solicitation he has had conferred upon him the degrees of M.A., by Wabash College, Ind., his Alma Mater, and that of LL.D. by Franklin College, to which, for fifteen years, he rendered valuable and highly appreciated services.

      December 25, 1887, Prof. Hougham married his second wife, Miss Martha B. Curtis, a daughter of Jeremiah O. and Mary (Williamson) Curtis, who have for many years resided at Dayton, Ohio. Mr. Curtis belongs to the New England stock of that name, and Mr. Curtis is a descendant, through her mother, of the Pilgrims who landed in the Mayflower. Martha (Curtis) Hougham is a graduate from the Dayton High School with the class of 1871, and subsequently from Dayton Normal School, and she was for fourteen years a successful and highly esteemed teacher in the Central High School in that city. Of this second marriage one child, a little girl less than a year old, is a result.

      By his first marriage Prof. Hougham became the father of five children-Julia, Eliza, Henry, Edward and Emma. Eliza and Henry are now living, the others having died in infancy and childhood. Eliza married the Rev. William H. Hickman, A.M., D.D., a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, for eleven years an itinerant in the Northwestern Indiana Conference, and during the last three years Presiding Elder for the Crawfordsville District in that conference. He has recently been elected to and accepted the Presidency of a school of colored students at Atlanta, Ga. President Hickman and wife have four children living; one son died in infancy. Henry, the surviving son of Prof. Hougham, is a carpenter and builder, residing in Manhattan. He married Miss Ella J. Whitney, and they have five children, all living.

      Although a constant student, Prof. Hougham spends much of his time in the open air, being not only an experienced teacher, but a practical farmer. And during most of the twenty years he was at Franklin, Ind., he was both County and City Surveyor and Engineer, and devoted his “vacations” and “spare hours” largely to work on the field with compass, transit or level in hand. Indeed, he even now retains a set of surveyor's and engineer's instruments-made in his own ship-and as occasion calls for it, he uses them. His pleasant residence is surrounded by sixty-two acres of rich and carefully cultivated land, two miles northwest of Manhattan, and less than half a mile from the State Agricultural College. On this he has a large orchard and a fine vineyard, both just beginning to bear fruit, and he derives pleasure and profit from the raising of farm and orchard products. He also has larger farms elsewhere which receive his personal care and supervision from year to year. His residence, in the interior arrangements, bears evidence of woman's fine tough and taste, and the love and appreciation of what is best and most beautiful in art and in home adornment and decoration.

      Prof. Hougham prizes beyond all monetary value his library, which consists of many carefully selected volumes of the best thoughts of the masters in ancient, mediaeval and modern times. These afford him pleasurable enjoyment, congenial companionship and profitable recreation, such as only the student, thinker and scholar can really know.

      In the earlier years of his life Prof. Hougham was a Henry Clay Whig. After the Whig party passed away he became, and has since remained, a stanch Republican. He has never sought public office, having no taste for political life, and has contented himself with the simple exercise of the elective franchise whenever his duty as a citizen required it. Religiously, he is a Baptist, and has been a member of that church for nearly fifty years. He is a compact, firmly built man, of medium height, and fine nervous temperament. His keen blue eyes, ruddy cheek, elastic step, and remarkable freedom from the infirmities and inconveniences of age, still seem to deny that he is well advanced in the sixties.

      It is not too much to say that Prof. Hougham is respected and esteemed by the people of Manhattan, and by those who know him elsewhere, as a man whose life has been an example to his fellowmen of honesty, temperance, frugality, industry, integrity and uprightness; and that they regard him as one who has constantly endeavored to make the world better for his presence in it.
    Person ID I2228  Hougham
    Last Modified 6 Jan 2006 

    Father Hougham, Aaron 2
              b. 13 Oct 1776, Maryland in Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 24 Mar 1856, Johnson County Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years) 
    Mother Scherer, Catherine
              b. 10 Apr 1789, Tn Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 8 Sep 1868  (Age 79 years) 
    Married 24 Dec 1815  Union Co Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F977  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Curtis, Martha
              b. 9 May 1852, Piqua Missouri Co Oh Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 28 Feb 1941, Fresno Ca Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 88 years) 
    Married 25 Dec 1887 
    Children 
    +1. Hougham, Hespera
              b. 1889
              d. 6 Nov 1958, Fresno Ca Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
    Family ID F1003  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Knowlton, Mary
              b. 23 May 1822, Shelby Co Ia Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 13 Jun 1882  (Age 60 years) 
    Married 25 Nov 1847  Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Hougham, Julia
              b. 10 Oct 1848
              d. 28 Aug 1849  (Age 0 years)
    +2. Hougham, Elizabeth Eliza
              b. 30 Oct 1849, In Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 21 Apr 1912  (Age 62 years)
    +3. Hougham, Henry Bradley
              b. 18 Jan 1851, Franklin in Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 1929, Manhattan Kansas Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years)
     4. Hougham, Edwin
              b. 21 Jun 1852
              d. 23 Oct 1853  (Age 1 years)
     5. Hougham, Emma
              b. 7 Aug 1861
              d. 5 Apr 1870  (Age 8 years)
    Family ID F1004  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Solar Compass
    Solar Compass

    Histories
    John Scherer Hougham
    John Scherer Hougham
    Developer of the solar compass