Hougham, Solomon

Hougham, Solomon

Male 1623 - 1696  (73 years)

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  • Name Hougham, Solomon 
    Born 1623  Ash Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 16 Mar 1696 
    Buried St Marys Sandwich Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Solomon Hougham
    Solomon Hougham
    Notes 
    • Mentioned in brother Richards will

      Hasted refers to him as Saloman

      Overseas in 1661 as per will of Aunt Anne

      Sheriff of kent in 1696, merchant of London
      Buried at St Marys with parents and brother

      Left money by Aunt Anne

      The first Hougham to own Barton Court

      Barton from the old English means a granary for Barley It was the Home farm for St Augustines Abbey. After the dissoloution, it was let by the King to Robert Best of Ash then to Clement Kempe. His son Henry Cheney inherited it in 1558. He sold the manor to Sir Edward Herbert who sold it in 1579 to Thomas Smythe. In 1624 the estate was in the hands of a John Smith. In 1657 after his death his wife Ann itwas sold to Solomon Hougham.


      Left Barton Estate to nephew Solomon on condition that all remains to eldest sons male heirs,failing males to next sons male and so on to the 10th generation both down and across.
      Solomon called Lord of the Manor but highest rank actually only "Sir" He had inherited and accumulated great wealth and lived luxuriously and was liberal in his will of ten pages long. he made provision for marble tomb stone in the chancel of st Marys at Sandwich in memory of his parents. he set aside for life forever the sum of £11 to be given each sunday in penny loaves at 4 shillings a week to the poor after service and 12 shillings on christmas and to the minister at woodnesborough £5 for 20 years at Christmas. This was observed every week from 1694 till 1900. In 1936 the farm which provided the fund was sold in 1936 for building and the will forgotten. The land fetched £25000

      Great confusuion and many lawsuites resulted when heirship passed from males to females numerous claims and lawsuits followed only for 5 generation had gone instead of the specified ten



      I Solomon Hougham of London gentleman being in good health of body and of sound and perfect mind and memory - praise be given to Almighty God for the same considering the uncertainty of this present life do make and declare this my last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say firstly and principally I commend my soul to the hands of Almighty God my creator hoping for salvation through the grace and mercy of my lord and saviour Jesus Christ and my body I commit to the earth to be decently and Christian like buried at the discretion of my executor in the chancel of the parish church of St Mary’s in Sandwich in the County of Kent as near to my late Father and Mother as conveniently may be in the hope of a glorious resurrection and it is my will that my executors therein after named shall within six months next after my decease pay out the sums of fifty pounds upon a monument in memory of my father and mother and the rest of my family interred in the chancel of the parish church aforesaid and erect the same in the chancel of the parish church aforesaid as near unto the place of my interment as they can if the same shall not be done by me before my decease and as touching such goods possessed debts money and effects as it has pleased Almighty God to bless me with in this present life. I give and dispose of as following. Firstly it is my will and mind that all such debts and sums of money as I shall really owe unto any person or persons at the time of my decease together with my funeral expenses shall be satisfied and paid with all convenient speed next after my decease.

      Item I give and bequeath unto my nephew Charles Hougham son of my brother Henry Hougham deceased the sum of one thousand pounds of lawful English Money to be paid unto him at two equal payments that is to say first hundred pounds within twelve months of my decease and the remaining five hundred pounds within two years next after my decease and I forgive him all sum and sums of money as he shall owe me at the time of my decease.

      Item. I give and bequeath unto Edward Fellows and Thomas Nowell of the parish of St Marys in the County of Kent and to their heirs and assigns forever one annuity or yearly rent charge of eleven pounds of lawful English money to be yearly issuing payable by and of going out of a certain field or parcel of ground belonging to or reputed to be part of the manor of Barton in Longport commonly called or known by the name of Barton field situate and lying and being in the parish of St Pauls near the city of Canterbury in the County of Kent to be paid upon the first day of June and yearly and every year from and after my decease upon trust and to the intent that the said Edward Fellows and Thomas Nowell their heirs and assigns shall upon every four and twentieth day of June in every June of every year in the church porch of St Marys pay the same to the churchwardens of the said parish for the time being which said yearly sum of eleven pounds if in my will and mind shall be disposed of in manner following that is to say four shillings thereof every Sunday in the year to be paid out in bread in penny loaves and upon Christmas day yearly twelve shillings thereof also to be paid out in penny loaves all which bread if is my will shall be brought to the said churchwardens and that the same to be distributed by the churchwardens after sermon or divine service .in the morning unto such of the poorest of the said parish of the said parish church of St Marys aforesaid as the churchwardens for the time being shall think fit and that in case of age or sickness any of them cannot come to church that care be taken to send them their portion of bread to their places or houses of abode or dwelling and for the more sure payment of the said annuity of eleven pounds per annum as aforesaid I do hereby oblige and charge forever hereafter the said field or parcel of land called Barton field with the same and my will is that in case the said annuity of eleven pounds or any part thereof be behind or unpaid by the space of fourteen days next after any first day June whereon the same ought to be paid that the xxxx from thenceforth it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Edward Fellows and Thomas Nowell their heirs and assigns to and for the said churchwardens and successors or any of them to enter into and upon the said field or any part thereof and to xxx for the same and the xxx and xxx then and there found to lead drive take carry away impound detain and keep until the said annuity or rent charge with all clearance thereof and all reasonable costs and charges and expenses shall be fully satisfied and paid and I do also impower the said Edward Fellows and Charles Nowell their heirs and assigns and the said churchwardens and their successors or any of them from time to time upon default of payment of the said annuity of eleven pounds per annum by the space of fourteen days as aforesaid to enter into the said field and the same and all the profits thereof to receive take and keep until the said annuity of eleven pounds and all charges thereof and all reasonable charges and expenses concerning the same from time to time be all satisfied and paid.

      Item I give and bequeath unto the Minister and churchwardens of Winsborough and Woodnesborough in Kent for the time being one annuity or rent charge of five pounds per annum for and during the term of twenty years to commence from and after my decease for the use and benefit of such of the poorest of the said parish as the said minister and churchwardens shall think fit among them upon Christmas Day or three days before in every year during the said term of twenty years and my will is that the said annuity or rent charge of five pounds per annum shall issue and be payable out of the rents and profits of my said field called Barton Field and that my executor hereafter named his heirs or assigns shall pay the same yearly unto the said Minister and Churchwardens on or before the first day of December in every year during the said term of twenty years to be given as aforesaid.

      Item I give and bequeath unto my brother in Law Thomas Harvey ten pounds of lawful English Money and unto my sister his wife one hundred pounds of like money.

      Item I give and bequeath unto my nephew Richard Harvey eldest son of my said brother Thomas Harvey ten pounds of like money.

      Item I give and bequeath unto my nephew Solomon Harvey second son of my said brother in law Thomas Harvey one hundred pounds of like money to be paid to him within five months next after my decease.

      Item I give and bequeath unto my nephew Daniel Harvey one other of sons of the said brother in Law Thomas Harvey the sum of two hundred pounds of like money to be paid to him within twelve months next after my decease in case my said legacy of two hundred pound shall be not paid to him in my life time.

      Item I give and bequeath unto my niece Sarah Harvey daughter of my said brother in Law Thomas Harvey the sum of two Hundred pounds to be paid to her within twelve months next after my decease in case the said legacy of two hundred pound shall be not paid to her in my life time.

      Item I give and bequeath unto my good friend Captain Robert Brown of Blandford St Mary in the county of Dorset esq. the sum of one hundred pounds of like money.

      Item I give and bequeath unto my loving cousin Francis Pollard one annuity or rent charge of twenty pounds per annum for and during the term of her natural life to commence immediately from and after my decease to be yearly issuing and payable out of the rents and profits of my said field called Barton Field which said annuity or rent charge of twenty pounds per annum I will shall be paid by my executor hereinafter named his heirs and assigns unto the proper hands of the said Francis Pollard by equal quarterly payments during her natural life to be xxxzx as aforesaid and my will is further that the said Francis Pollard shall not have power and authority to sell or dispose of the said annuity of twenty pounds per annum to any person whatsoever and the same shall cease and be void in case the said Francis Pollard shall effectively endeavour to sell and dispose thereof to any person.

      Item I give and bequeath unto the said Edward Fellows twenty pounds of lawful English money.

      Item I give and bequeath unto Richard Hougham and Henry Hougham sons of my nephew Charles Hougham to such one of them at their respective age of one and twenty years the sum of five hundred pounds apiece of lawful English money.

      Item I give and bequeath unto the rest of the children of my said cousin Charles Hougham which shall be born and living at the time of my decease the sum of twenty pounds apiece.

      Item I gave and bequeath unto the children of my said nephew Richard Hougham which shall be born and living at the time of my decease the sum of twenty pounds apiece.

      Item I give and bequeath unto the children of my said nephew Solomon Harvey which shall be living at the time of my decease the sum of twenty pounds apiece.

      Item I give and bequeath unto all the children of my cousin John Eborne which shall be born and living at the time of my decease the sum of twenty pounds apiece.

      Item I give devise and bequeath unto Solomon Hougham eldest son of my brother Henry Hougham all and every my freeholds lands tenements hereditments with their and every of their appurtenances situate lying and being in the parish of Winsborough, Woodnesborough and Eastry in the said county of Kent now (new?) or late in the xxx of Edmond xxxx his undertennants or assigns and also all that my manor or lordship of Barton also Longport in the said County of Kent together with all and singular the lands or tenements meadows pastures feedings woods rents profits xxxxx xxx and hereditments there unto belonging with their and every of their appurtenances which I bought and purchased of Thomas xxx and of xxxxx xxx esq. and now are or late were in the several tenancies or occupancy of John Toler and Solomon Harvey their under tennants and asigns situate lying and being in the parish of St Pauls and Fordwich near the said city of Canterbury in the County of Kent (the said field belonging to the aforesaid manor of Barton commonly called Barton Field being chargeable with the three several annuities aforesaid and also all that my little tenement with the appurtenance situate and being in Langport in the said county of Kent now or late in the occupation of Thoma sxxx his under tenants or assigns and also fourteen pounds six shillings and eight pence per annum being the quit rent due and belonging to and for the aforesaid manor of Barton to have and to hold the said manor or lordship and all and every the aforesaid lands tenements and hereditments with their and every of their appurtenances and the said quit rent of fourteen pounds six shillings and eight pence per annum unto my said nephew Solomon Hougham for and during the term of his natural life without impeachment of or for any manner of waste and immediately from and after his decease then to the first son of the body of my said Solomon Hougham lawfully to be begotten and for default of such issue to the second son of the body of my said nephew Solomon Hougham lawfully to be begotten and to the heirs males of the body of such second son lawfully to be begotten and on default of such issue to the third fourth fifth sixth seventh eight ninth and tenth son and sons and all and every son and sons of the body of my said nephew Solomon Hougham lawfully to be begotten and to the heirs males of the body and bodies of all and every such son and sons to be lawfully begotten the elder and the heirs males of his body being always and preferred before the younger and heirs males of his body and they shall happen to be in seniority of age and priority of birth and for default of such issue I give and bequeath the said Manor or lordship and all and every the aforesaid lands tenements and hereditments with their and every of their appurtenances and the said quit rent and the said field called Barton field being charged with the three several annuities aforesaid unto my said nephew Charles Hougham for and during the term of his natural life without impeachment of or for any manner……………..(Document ends)



      SOLOMON HOUGHAM, esq. of London, who was sheriff of Kent in 1696, and died the next year, gave by his will, in trust, an annuity, or yearly rent charge of 11l. out of Barton-field, in the parish of St. Paul, in Canterbury, to be paid to the churchwardens of St. Mary's parish, to be by them disposed of; 4s. in penny loaves every Sunday: and upon Christmas day yearly, 12s. in penny loaves, to be distributed at church after divine service, to such of the poorest of this parish, as the churchwardens should think fit; and in case of age and sickness, if any could not come, their portion of bread to be sent home to them.

      From: 'The town and port of Sandwich', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 10 (1800), pp. 152-216. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63619&strquery=hougham. Date accessed: 05 December 2007.

      In this church are numbers of monuments and inscriptions, all which are printed in Mr. Boys's Collections, P. 319, the whole too numerous to mention here, but among others at the west end of the nave, are memorials of the Smiths and Verriers. In the south space are memorials for the Petleys and for the Whites. In the middle space, on an old stone, are the remains of a cross story, resting on a dog or lion, and the remains of an inscription with this date, I. M. CCC. XXX. In the north isle are three grave-stones, on a rise above the pavement, with inscriptions shewing, that underneath is a vault, in which lie many of the family of Hayward, formerly mayors of this town; arms, Argent, on a pale, sable, three crescents of the field, In the chancel is a large stone, robbed of its brasses, which formerly commerated the deaths of Roger Manwood and his family; the place where it lies was formerly St. Laurence chancel. In the chancel is a monument of stone much defaced; on it are the figures of a manand woman kneeling, in a praying posture, for Abraham Rutton, formerly mayor, and Susan his wife, by whom he had seven sons and six daughters. He died in 1608; and for his descendant the Rev. John Rutton, obt. 1763, rector of this parish. Against the south wall, is a handsome monument of marble, with these arms, Argent, five chevronels, sable, and per pale, azure and gules, a lion rampant, argent; and an inscription for several of the family of Hougham. Against the same wall a tablet, for Mary, wife of Joseph Stewart, esq. obt. 1775; arms, Argent, a lion rampant, gules, over all, a bend raguled, or. Over the south door, a marble monument for Richard Solly, gent. thrice mayor, obt. 1731; and Anna his wife, daughter of John Crickett, gent, by whom he had ten sons and three daughters; arms, Azure, a chevron, party per pale, or, and gules, between three soles, naient, argent. At the west end of the nave is an altar tomb, with an inscription, shewing, that in a vault underneath, lie several of the Cricketts; another altar tomb, with an inscription, for several of the Nowells; arms, Three covered cups. By the gallery stairs, on an altar tomb, an inscription for Tho. Danson, preacher, of this town, who died 1764; on a raised monument of brick, an inscription, for several of the name of Jordan; this stands close before, and hides the altar part of a monument, under an arch in the north wall, to the memory of Sir William Loverick, of Ash, and dame Emma his wife, the daughter of Sir John Septvans, of that parish, who are said to have been the principal repairers, or builders of this church, after it had been burnt by the French, and were buried in king Henry IV.'s reign; on an adjoining tomb an inscription for the Maundys.
      There are stones, pointing out the entrances into the vaults of Solly and Stewart, and there are inscriptions on a board, commemorating the benefactions of John Dekewer, esq. Solomon Hougham, gent. Sir Henry Furnese, bart. and Mr. Peter Jarvis.

      From: 'The town and port of Sandwich', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 10 (1800), pp. 152-216. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63619&strquery=hougham. Date accessed: 05 December 2007.
    Person ID I294  Hougham
    Last Modified 14 Mar 2002 

    Father Hougham, Solomon
              c. 1 Jan 1599, Weddington Ash Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 27 Nov 1658  (Age ~ 59 years) 
    Mother Beake, Mary
              b. 1598
              d. 19 Jan 1641  (Age 43 years) 
    Married 6 Dec 1619 
    Family ID F111  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Histories
    Barton Court
    Barton Court
    owned by the Hougham family from 1657 until 1902