Hougham, Robert The First

Male 1160 - Bef 1230  (~ 69 years)


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  • Name Hougham, Robert 
    Suffix The First 
    Born Between 1140 - 1160  Dover Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died Bef 1230 
    Notes 
    • Recent research would seem to suggest that Robert was actually the son of Ruallo who was himself the grandson of Ruallon but until the link is confirmed this tree stays with the traditional history. Furthermore, the ancestral tree of Robert requires confirmation as a close look at the dates would seem to show anomalies ( RY- October 2000)

      February 2004 - Having just acquired a copy of MHP's working papers for her book, I see that see she states that Ruallon is PROBABLY the father of Robert, which gives more credance to the opening paragraph. -RY

      Clarification note 2010

      This is where the tree really starts. Coming forward in time the data is supported by Parish records, Bishops transcripts, wills, Hasted and other published works( not all of them correct) Dering Rolls, law suits and other official documents, Census data and family documents and memories. I am quite content that it is substantially correct although happy to consider alternative suggestions.

      Going back in time the data relies on tradition, information from an Archivist at Caen University and web based information particularly the Scandinavian Chronicles published by Snorri Sturleson in the 12th C. It should not be taken as gospel and only considered as an interesting possibility. The parentage of Robert has not been proved conclusively, he is considered to be part of the Averanche family because the coat of arms is the same and he held lands previously in the hands of the Averanches



      The First Hougham. He took the surname of Hougham, the meaning being the same as Averanche - a home in a hilly place. Part Norman and part Saxon "Hough - on a hill" ham saxon for home.
      He is recorded on the Derring role of Arms in the college of Arms at the commencement of the pedigree of Houghams .
      Also it records 4 other Robert de Hougham in sequence.
      He is recorded in a list of Knights with King Richard 1 at the siege of Acre on crusades in 1191.
      In 1189 by deed of grant he granted the manor of Boxley which he owned to the abbey of Maidstone in return for certain services from the abbots there, according to this same same deed of grant he owned the manor of Wavering and had let part of it prior to this date 1189
      He held the manor of Wavering of the King "in capite in wavringe 40 s rent rendering this service from it that when ever the king should march to Wales, he should find a horse to the value of 5s with a wallet and a broche for 40 days at the kings cost" A broche was a large vessel of leather in which to carry wine..
      He is given in the Rotary Escheat Role for the manor of Wavering as Robert de Hougham Lord of Hougham, and so owned the manor of Hougham.
      References:
      Derring role of Arms
      1190 List of Knights
      1189 Deed of Grant Records Maidstone Abbey
      All Eschest Roles
      Assessment of Knights Fees
      Inquisitions of Wavering 1191 -1307


      Robert de Hougham I accompanied King Richard 1st "The Lion Heart" to Palestine in the Crusades. He is the first Hougham (as far as known by 1946) to be knighted and receive Coat of Arms. -The arms being "Ar .5 chevs, sable

      At about same time as this Robert was a John de Hougham of Whitstable .Kent ,England land who stood pledge for Ralph de Ditton.

      From Irelands "History of Kent" vol.II.p.136 -. l37."The Parish of Hougham lies along the high Eastern hills of the
      county of Kent.The manor was held by a family that took it's name of Hougham from this Parish (Hasted's Kent, . vol.9. p. 452. and Ireland's -v.2.p,137 "Chilham was the principal seat of manor of Hougham. (Sometimes called Huffam and and Hicham and Hugham In Domesday Book.)

      Hasted's Kent.vol.9.p.202. "Hougham of Dover, who in allusion to the arms of their superior Lords.the Averanches.or Albrineas Albrincas, Lords of the Barony of Folkstone - of whom they hold their lands.bore for their arms" (also vol. 9. p. 452-a Statement by Philpott) Arms, Argent ,5 Chevronnels. sable.
      Derring Role of Arms.in College of Arms-records this Robert Hougham of Hougham,Kent ,at commencement of Pedigree of "Hougham".He Is given in a list of knights with King Richard 1st at seige-of Acon.on crusade 1191.
      Robert de Hougham I owned the manor of Boxley in Kent, also the manor of Wavering, near Maidstone ,Kent. He granted the manor of Boxley to the Abbey of Maidstone( deed of grant 1189) in return for certain services from the Abbotts there ,according to the deed of grant he had let part of the Weavering prior to 1189,
      Hasted' s.vol.II.p.27."Fulbert de Lucie assumed name of Dover(Fulbert de Dover) had Baronial residence at Chilham.his descendant Richard de Dover-manor of Hougham held by Knights service-by family who took it's name from this Parish. -Robert Hougham-knight-of Hougham manor near Dover,

      Suggested connections.Philpott says "That the Arms of Hougham was borne by them in token of their holding under the family of Averanch .Lords of Folkestone, such being a common practise in days of heraldy. the family of Everenge -Everlnge in like manner ---- either to mark their descent from or feudal connection with the same Lords of Folkestone.Here again is the assumption that although Houghams bore the name of their manor yet they WERE EITHER COLLATERAL DESCENDANCY OF THE FAMILY OF AVERANCE OR CONNECTED WITH THEM BY MARRIAGE

      The position of Weddington favors this assumption as it is adjacent to the lands which were part of the Barony of Folkestone, and in the tenure of de Averanch in the 12th Century."

      The Lords of the Manor presided at Chilverton Elms in a mansion built by Peter Nepueu in 1640. This probably replaced a much earlier building, as, after the Norman Conquest, the Manor was held by a family who took the name of Hougham. One of this family, Robert de Hougham, fought with his King Richard I at Aeon in Palestine(?) Another member was associated with Stephen de P?ts, Constable of Dover Castle, 1165-1198. Yet another Richard de Hougham was Prior of Dover Priory, (From Ingram Bromley (1728-1820) : His Life and Times
      by Frank William Bromley (1915-1986)


      WAVERING is a hamlet in the southern part of this parish, the manor and estate of which seems in the reign of Richard I. to have been part of the possessions of the family of Hougham, of Hougham, near Dover, tho' at that time, as appears by the letters patent of king Richard I. in his 1st year, by which he granted the manor of Boxley to the abbot and convent here, they then possessed some lands at Wevering, for the king confirmed in them certain agreements made between them and John de Horspole, and his sons, for the land at this place; and king Henry III. in his 37th year, granted to them certain liberties within their demesne lands at Wavering, &c. what became of this part afterwards I do not find; but most probable it became esteemed as part of their manor of Boxley, and continues so at this time.

      From: 'Parishes: Boxley', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 4 (1798), pp. 324-353. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53810&strquery=hougham. Date accessed: 30 November 2007.



      Boughton Monchelsie

      After which, this manor came into the possession of the family of Montchensie, called in Latin records, De Monte Canisio, the principal seat of which was at Swanscombe, in this county. (fn. 1) William, son of William de Montchensie, who died anno 6 king John, was possessed of this manor, and it appears that he survived his father but a few years, for Warine de Montchensie, probably his uncle, succeeded to his whole inheritance in the 15th year of that reign. Soon after which this manor passed into the possession of the family of Hougham, of Hougham, in this county.

      From: 'Parishes: Boughton Monchensie', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 5 (1798), pp. 336-345. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=62915&strquery=hougham. Date accessed: 30 November 2007.

      Given that King John's dates are 1199-1216 this must mean Robert 1
    Person ID I39  Hougham
    Last Modified 28 Jul 2014 

    Father d'Averanches, Ruallon Sheriff of Kent
              b. 1070
              d. 1147  (Age 77 years) 
    Mother De Monville, Matilda or Maud 
    Family ID F21  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Children 
    +1. Hougham, Robert The Second
              d. 1256/1258
    Family ID F34  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Histories
    Dover Castle and the d' Avranches
    Dover Castle and the d' Avranches
    Several d' Avranches (forerunners of the Houghams) held key appointments at Dover Castle.