d'Averanches, William Lord of Folkestone

d'Averanches, William Lord of Folkestone

Male - 1190

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  • Name d'Averanches, William 
    Suffix Lord of Folkestone 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1190 
    • Possibly the builder of Averanche Tower Dover Castle

      By 1066, at the time of the next great invasion, Folkestone was a mere hamlet occupied by fishermen and farm workers who cultivated the arable lands that had been cleared in the heavily wooded countryside. At this time the manor of Folkestone was in the ownership of the church at Canterbury. After William became king he took the barony and made a gift of it to his half brother Bishop Odo. By 1086, the year of Doomsday the barony was held by William D'Arcy. It was given a value of £100 and consisted of approximately 6240 acres, 5 churches, approximately 600 people of whom 209 were villains and 83 bondsmen.
      Subtenants of the Barony included Hugh Fitzwilliam, Walter de Appeville, Bernard de St. Owens, Walter FitzEnglebert, Eudo, Baldric, Richard, Alured, Wesman and Alured Dapifer. In 1095 the lord of the manor was Nigel de Muneville. Nigel de Muneville built the town a new church to replace that which was destroyed by Earl Godwin. He did not rebuild the nunnery but built the Folkestone Priory for Benedictine Monks instead. In 1138 a new church and priory were again built, this time by William D'Averanches and dedicated to St. Mary & St. Eanswythe

      Is this the correct William???? -RY More likely to be his grandfather

      What about this note Averanche = Albrincis

      Folkestone Abbey -- more correctly FOLKESTONE PRIORY -- is situated in the east division of Kent about thirty-seven miles from Maidstone. It was originally a monastery of Benedictine nuns founded in 630 by St. Eanswith or Eanswide, daughter of Eadbald, King of Kent, who was the son of St. Ethelbert, the first Christian king among the English. It was dedicated to St. Peter. Like many other similar foundations it was destroyed by the Danes. In 1095 another monastery for Benedictine monks was erected on the same site by Nigel de Mundeville, Lord of Folkestone. This was an alien priory, a cell belong to the Abbey of Lonley or Lolley in Normandy, dedicated to St. Mary and St. Eanswith, whose relics were deposited in the church. The cliff on which the monastery was built was gradually undermined by the sea, and William de Abrincis in 1137 gave the monks a new site, that of the present church of Folkestone. The conventional buildings were erected between the church and the sea coast. Being an alien priory it was occasionally seized by the king, when England was at war with France, but after a time it was made denizen and independent of the mother-house in Normandy and thus escaped the fate which befell most of the alien priories in the reign of Henry V. It continued to the time of the dissolution and was surrendered to the king on 15 Nov., 1535. The names of twelve priors are known, the last being Thomas Barrett or Bassett. The net income at the dissolution was about £50. It was bestowed by Henry VIII on Edmund, Lord Clinton and Saye; the present owner is Lord Radnor. The only part of the monastic buildings remaining is a Norman doorway, but the foundations may be traced for a considerable distance.
      DUGDALE, Monasticon, Stevens' Supplement (London, 1722), I, 399; TANNER, Notitia Monastica (London, 1787), s. v. Kent; DUGDALE, Monast. Anglic. (London, 1846), IV, 672.

      From another website"In 1166 William de Abrincis held twenty one and a half knights fees of the old feoffment and two and a half of the new, the majority being in Kent. These, or the bulk of them, represented the lands of William of Arques, the Domesday tenant-in-chief, William's father Rualon of Avranches having married Maud daughter and heir of Nigel de Monville by Emma daughter and coheiress of William of Arques. Since Rualon was Sheriff of Kent in 1130 he was then in possession of these lands. In 1172 William de Abrincis held one fee of the honour of Mortain in the bailiwick of Cerences. A charter of Henry II of 1185-88 confirmed to the abbey of Lessay the gift of William de Abrincis of a quarter of the church of St-Sauveur-Landelin, the chapelry of his house and twenty six acres of land, etc. St-Saveur is 24 kil. North of Cerences; this locates William's Norman fee. The original return of his fees made by the abbot of Le Mont-St-Michel in 1172 shows that William de Abrincis did homage to the abbot Robert de Torigni on his accession in 1158 for the land of Noient (Manche, arr. Avranches, cant. Pontorson, comm. Macey), and was holding that land in 1172 for three quarters of a third of a fee. Macey is 14 kil. South of Avranches. The identity of this Norman William with the Kentish tenant-in-chief of 1166 is clinched by the occurrence among his English under-tenants of a Richard de Milers holding two fees of the old feoffment and a Humphrey de Milliers holding one of the new. There is a Millieres 8 kil. NW of St-Sauveur-Landelin, but no such place in Seine-Inferieure whence William of Arques and Nigel de Monville came. These people must have been enfeoffed by the Avranches family. [Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Families]"

      THE MANOR OF HAWKING, alias Fleggs-court, by which latter name it is usually called, was antiently held of the barony of Folkestone, or Averenches, by knight's service, and ward to Dover castle, by a family who took their surname from it; one of whom, Ofbert de Hawking, held it in manner as above-mentioned, in king Henry II.'s reign, of William de Albrincis. After they were extinct here, it came into the possession of the Fleghs, in which it continued till the reign of king Edward I. in the 23d year of which, William, son of John de Flegh, gave all his manor in the hundred of Folkestone, in Haueking and Evering, together with the church of Haueking, to the abbot and convent of St. Radigund; (fn. 1) at which time the mansion of this manor had acquired its present name of Fleghs-court. In which situation this manor continued till the dissolution of the abbey in the 27th year of king Henry VIII. when it came into the king's hands, who, two years afterwards, granted the scite of the abbey, with all its possessions, in exchange, to the archbishop Cranmer: and he, that year, authorised by an act, reexchanged it again with the king. Notwithstanding which, this manor, but whether by any particular exception in the last exchange, or by some future grant, I have not found, became again soon afterwards part of the possessions of the see of Canterbury, where it still continues, his grace the archbishop being now entitled to the inheritance of it, Mr. Kelsey, of this parish, is the present lessee of it.

      From: 'Parishes: Hawking', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 8 (1799), pp. 147-151. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63471&strquery=averenches. Date accessed: 05 December 2007.

      THE MANOR OF WEST LANGDON was antiently part of those lands which made up the barony of Averenches, alias Folkestone, of which it was antiently held by knight's service and ward to the castle of Dover, by the family of Auberville, or De Albrincis, as they were written in Latin deeds, whose capital seat was at Westenhanger; one of them, Sir William de Auberville, senior, resided there in king Richard I.'s reign, and held this manor as above-mentioned; and having in the fourth year of it, anno 1192, founded within this manor AN ABBEY of white canons of the Premonstratensian order, brought hither from Leyston, in Suffolk, in honour of the blessed Virgin Mary and St. Thomas the Martyr, of Canterbury, he gave this manor, among other lands, as an endowment to it in pure and perpetual alms, free from all secular service and payment, (fn. 1) which foundation and gift was afterwards confirmed by Simon de Auberville, or Albrincis; and in the 30th year of king Edward I. by Sir Nicholas de Criol, great grandson by a female heir of the founder before-mentioned, by which means this abbey from that time came under the patronage and protection of the family of Criol, after which, in the 19th year of king Edward II. Edward, earl of Chester, the king's eldest son, guardian of the kingdom of England, and the king's locum tenens in it, was here at Langedon, on the 3d of August.

      From: 'Parishes: West Langdon', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 9 (1800), pp. 401-405. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63581&strquery=albrincis. Date accessed: 05 December 2007.

      THE MANOR OF OXNEY was in early times in the possession of the family of Auberville, who held it by knight's service of Hamo de Crevequer, as of the manor of Folkestone. Sir William de Auberville, of Westenhanger, held this manor in king Richard I.'s time, whose grandson of the same name left an only daughter and heir Joane, who marrying Nicholas de Criol, brought him this manor, and his descendant Sir Nicholas de Criol, or Keriel, died possessed of it in the 2d year of king Richard II. and his son William Keriel alienated it to Robert Tame. After this family was become extinct here, the Sedleys, of Southfleet, became possessed of it, in whom it continued down to John Sedley, esq. of Southfleet, one of the auditors of the exchequer, in king Henry VII.'s reign, who added much to the building of the court-lodge here; in the younger branch of whose descendants, seated at Scadbury, in that parish, this manor continued down till at length the descendant of them, Sir Charles Sedley, bart. of Nuthall, in Nottinghamshire, passed it away by sale to Rose Fuller, esq. of Sussex, who died possessed of it in 1777, s. p. and gave it by his will to John Trayton Fuller, esq. who married his niece, and he is at this time the possessor of it. There is no court held for this manor.

      The church, which was dedicated to St. Nicholas, has been long since desecrated. The walls of it still remain; it has a roof, and is now made use of as a barn. This church was antiently part of the possessions of the family of Auberville, owners likewise of the manor as above-mentioned, one of whom, Sir William de Auberville, senior, in king Richard I.'s reign, having founded West Langdon abbey, gave this church to it in pure and perpetual alms, which gift was afterwards confirmed by his descendants Simon de Auberville, or Albrincis, and Nicholas de Criol.

      From: 'Parishes: Oxney', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 9 (1800), pp. 409-411. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=63583&strquery=albrincis. Date accessed: 05 December 2007.
    Person ID I40  Hougham
    Last Modified 6 Dec 2007 

    Father d'Averanches, Ruallon Sheriff of Kent
              b. 1070
              d. 1147  (Age 77 years) 
    Mother Living 
    Family ID F21  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    +1. d'Averanches, Simon
              d. 1214 (1203/4?)
     2. Living
     3. Living
    Family ID F35  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Histories At least one living or private individual is linked to this item - Details withheld.