Compton, Spencer 8th Earl of Northampton

Male 1738 - 1790  (51 years)


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  • Name Compton, Spencer 
    Suffix 8th Earl of Northampton 
    Born 5 Aug 1738 
    Gender Male 
    Died 7 Apr 1790 
    Notes 
    • Spencer Compton was in linen Drapery Business He married first Jane Lauton 23 July 1757 - a runaway marriage to Edinburgh he 19 and she 20 Miss Hougham was her lady in waiting. She married Spencer at East Barnett Church 28 August 1772 and became Countess. They soon went abroad to live 1774. She died 5 July 1781 in canton of Berne Switzerland

      He married his second wife in 1769. She died without issue in 1781. He didn't remarry before his death in 1796 (when he was 57), so any child of his born "around 1783" would have to be illegitimate. For many years before his death he (for financial reasons) was living in Switzerland. He died in Berne and is buried at Avenches in the Canton of Berne. His successor in his titles was his only son by his first wife. See the second edition of Cokayne's *Complete Peerage*, vol. IX, p. 686, for further details.

      Arms of 8th earl of Northampton with Hougham impaled- painted on their celling. From Regs,of marriage East Barnett ,Middlesex,l6 May 1769 "Right Honorable The Earl of Northampton to Miss Hougham". From the "Gentlemans Magazine"vol,39 :page 270. in a list of marriages for year 1769 was the above11
      From "Environs of London" by Lyons or Lysons,pub.l796 in a History of East Barnet, extract from the Regs of East Barnet ;-"Spencer Compton,Earl of Northampton,and Anne Hougham of East Barnett,married l6 May 1769". The village is situated one mile to the East of the North Road and ten miles from London*
      Copy of a letter from the Marquess of Northampton to Arthur Hougham-44 Bryangton Souare.W.I. June 8 1923.
      '' Dear Sir,I am unable to give you the full name of the second wife Spencer-8th Earl of Northampton,but I ' believe he lived in St Paul's Churchyard and was engaged in a Linendrapery business there.
      Yours Faithfully,Northampton.

      History of the Comptons of Compton Wynyates-by William Bingham Compton 6th Marquis of Northampton..Published by JohnLane 1929, In this book is given the life of Spencer Compton, also his portrait,-from which 1 copy an extract."Soon after the election on May 16,1769,Lord Northampton married asn his second wife, Miss'Anne Hougham,who had been a companian to his first wife" They never had, any children and she was apparently liked by some members of the family,for Lady Egmont writing to her brother Northampton in Oct.l766 had asked to be remembered to Miss Hougham. But her step daughter Lady Francis, disliked her very much and handed on stories that she behaved very badly to the first Lady Northampton and kept the family away from her when she was dying"
      Anne Hougham-her father Culpepper Hougham was a Linendraper in St Paul's Church yard,and it was rumored that he helped to pay Lord Northampton's debt after the election crash-though there is no mention in the marriage settle­ment of the Houghams contributing anything to them.Lady Alwyne Compton relates that she saw an old letter
      written by Lord Northampton's Chaplain,who describes how he spent a night at Ranelagh with him and the next day married him to Miss Hougham at East Barnet Church whence the wedded couple immediately set off to Compton Wymyates.A memo was added"Two shilling for a basin of goldfish as a present to my lady on her marriage." A portrait of this lad;y with her pet dog jumping up to her knee,hangs over the grand staircase at Ashby. A fragment of her weddjing dress is in the minature cupboard*
      Page 202 describes the alterations of Castle Ashby——--so pleased were the Earl and Countess with the alterations that in the middle of each end of the cove of the James I oeiling,they inserted great shields bearing the Compton arms,with those of Hougham on a shield of pretence.'
      Arms of Earl of Northampton-.wlth HOUGHAM in position.
      The sketch is designed on the ceiling of the mansion of Northamptons.in their dining room. To this time(l946)l(m.H.P.) have not been able to connect Anne Hougham with the main pedigree.! believe I have her parents and Grandparents.
      Arthur Hougham suggests that she might be a de­scendant of Richard Hougham of London-tbe Upholder,we have two of his sons whose history is not traced,they may have married.
      One thing is certain she belongs to the line of our first ancestors,because the original Coat of Arms of Hougham is impaled in the Arms of Northampton.
      The Earls name is Spencer Compton.Ann. was his 2nd wife.
      Some extracts from the book written by the 6th Marquis of Northampton-William Bingham Compton give an interesting view of their personalities and life."Spencer Compton at the age of 19 had a run away marriage(Edinburgh)with a Miss Jane Lauton.She being 30 was eleven years older than he.Horace Walpole said she was an admired beauty of Northampton town.They were married at St Paul's Chapel.'1
      "it was in 1772 that alterations were made to the interior of King Williams room.Lord Northampton had just been presented by his Aunt Margaret with the needle work panels, worked by her and her sister Penelope.On Oct.8th,8 pound 1/6 was paid for oak boards,for the fitting up of King William's dining room.These boards were probably the pan­elling necessary to frame the tapestry.So pleased was the Earl and Countess with the alterations,that in the middle of each. end of the Cove of the James' first ceiling,they inserted great shields bearing the Compton Arms,with those of Hougham on a shield of pretence."
      " The Honorable E.Montague wrote to Horace Walpole on .august 28 'Lord Northampton has married an old woman who will not indeed increase his family nor warm his bosom.They are retired to Compton in the Hole to pass the remainder of their days."
      Note ,(MHP.) By the above we surmise that Ann Hougham was well along in years whan she married.and can also observe the busy body gossipers-they live everywhere and are always ready to air their views.
      The Northamptons London house was I768-l77l in Wigmore St and In Spring 1772 they took house in Portman Square.
      Both Lady Hampton's were evidently very busy needle women In 1767 some stools were ready for the needlework of the 1st Countess to be fitted to them and in 1771 Mrs Munsell rebukes her friend,the second Countess"for being rn more entertained with passing different colored worsteds through a coarse canvass" than with writing to her. "I directed a letter to Wigmore St.whilst you are working your canvass at Compton" ,It has often been repeat ed that the 8th Earl spent the last years of his life out of England as an economy,but I think the primary consideration was his bad health.We have seen that already in 1765 he was on"the Bath list"as a correspondent called it.For the remaining 31 years of his life he never seems to have been without pain and his contempor­aries were suprised at his living so long.In March and April 1773 Lady Northampton"was thrown into a fright by two attacks of gout in his head.In July 1773 the Earl took a house at Hendon,near Hampstead,Middlesex and they apparently lived there till the Autumn 1773.In winter 1774 they went to live abroad for good.They were ac­companied by the Earl's Chaplain.Mons Gabriel Dufour,(at the Earlfs death DeFour had been in Switzerland with him 22 years and claimed to have devoted 30 years to the service of his family. In l777.The Earl's address was d!Allore.Balliage d'Aigle,Conton de Berne,Suissi." 5thiJuly I78l the EarlTs second wife died at Averenches or Avarches,in the Canton of Berne which had become their
      home in their exile.
      Page 208-9.A medical report by a Swiss Doctor-on the EarlTs health-dated 30 September 1782 runs as follows;-nSince my lord Northampton has lost his Lady he has given himself up to sadness,had not gone out of his house for twelve months,had hardly seen any company,kept his bed for a long time and lived plentifully at the same time. Within these 15 months his health began to alter-great depression at night etc.,
      But the foregoing did not reveal the parentage or ancestry of Countcss Ann Hougham Compton —Her eldest sister Mary married a Mr Robert Udney,a Cornish Merchant,who made a fortune by monoply.Their daughter was one of the first young ladies to be sent to the Continent to finish her education.The daughter married Sir "William Conyingham-'-a widower,with three sons,and brought him a dowry of 100,000 pounds. ^ .
    Person ID I479  Hougham
    Last Modified 3 Jun 2005 

    Father Compton, Charles 
    Mother Mary Lucy 
    Family ID F244  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Hougham, Anne
              b. 1744
              d. 5 Jul 1781, Switzerland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years) 
    Married 16 May 1769  East Barnett Church Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F242  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Lawton, Jane
              d. 26 Nov 1767 
    Married 23 Jul 1757  Edinburgh Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Compton, Frances
              b. 1758
              d. 1832  (Age 74 years)
     2. Compton, Charles
              b. 24 Mar 1760
              d. 17 Jan 1851  (Age 90 years)
    Family ID F243  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

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