Hougham, Bertram William

Male 1896 - 1918  (22 years)


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  • Name Hougham, Bertram William 
    Born 1896  Faversham Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 6 Sep 1918 
    Notes 
    • British Army Royal West Kent Regiment Attached Royal Berkshire Regiment,


      On 1901 census living with parents

      on 1911 census living with parents


      Extract of War Graves Commission web site

      In Memory of
      B W HOUGHAM MC
      Captain
      3rd Bn, Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment)
      who died on
      Friday, 6th September 1918. Age 22.

      Commemorative Information
      Cemetery: PERONNE COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION, STE RADEGONDE, Somme, France
      Grave Reference/
      Panel Number: IV. M. 11.

      Location: From Bapaume take the N17 to Peronne. On entering Peronne, turn right towards the hospital. On reaching the hospital, which will be on the right, take the small road opposite and the communal cemetery is at the end of this road on the left. The extension is on the south-west side of the cemetery.


      Historical Information: Peronne fell into German hands on the 24th September, 1914. On the 18th March, 1917, the 40th and 48th Divisions entered the town, which had been set on fire by the enemy; and on the 23rd March, 1918, the Germans recaptured it. On the 30th August-1st September, 1918, the 2nd Australian Division took Mont-St. Quentin (a feat commemorated by the Battle Memorial erected beside the village street), and on the latter day they entered Peronne. The town was later "adopted" by the County Borough of Blackburn. Peronne Communal Cemetery contains (on the left-hand side of the centre path, opposite the 1870 Memorial) the grave of a soldier from the United Kingdom who fell in August, 1914. The Cemetery Extension was begun by the 48th (South Midland) Division in March, 1917, used by the Germans in 1918, and resumed by Australian units in September, 1918. At the Armistice it contained 177 graves (now in Plots I and II). It was then enlarged by the concentration of graves from the battlefields North and East of Peronne and from certain small cemeteries. There are now over 1,500, 1914-18 war casualties commemorated in this site. Of these, over 200 are unidentified and special memorials are erected to four soldiers from Australia, two from South Africa and one from the United Kingdom, known or believed to be buried among them. Other special memorials record the names of nine soldiers from the United Kingdom and one from South Africa, buried in German Cemeteries, whose graves could not be found. Certain graves in Plots III, IV and V, identified collectively but not individually, are marked by headstones bearing the additional words: "Buried near this spot". The bodies of one French and one American soldier have been removed to other cemeteries. The Extension covers an area of 5,535 square metres and is bounded by the Communal Cemetery, by the road, and by a low brick wall on the other two sides. The following were among the burial grounds from which British graves were moved to the Extension:- AIZECOURT-LE-HAUT CHURCHYARD EXTENSION, containing the graves of 18 soldiers from the United Kingdom and two from South Africa who fell in March, 1918. CARTIGNY COMMUNAL CEMETERY AND GERMAN EXTENSION, containing the graves of 5,250 German soldiers, two from the United Kingdom and one from Australia. COPSE TRENCH CEMETERY, ALLAINES, between Allaines and Moislains. Here were buried 64 soldiers from the United Kingdom (mainly 14th Black Watch and 12th Somerset Light Infantry) who fell in September, 1918. DRIENCOURT BRITISH CEMETERY, on the South side of the village, made by the 74th (Yeomanry) Division in September, 1918, and containing the graves of 20 soldiers from the United Kingdom. LIERAMONT COMMUNAL CEMETERY GERMAN EXTENSION, in which 63 soldiers from the United Kingdom were buried by the Germans in 1916-1918 and by the 58th (London) Division in September, 1918. MOISLAINS BRITISH CEMETERY, a little South-West of the village, containing the graves of 54 soldiers of the 47th (London) Division who fell in September, 1918. MOISLAINS CHURCHYARD, which contained the graves of three soldiers from the United Kingdom and one from Canada. MOISLAINS GERMAN HOSPITAL CEMETERY, at the North-East end of the village, containing the graves of 38 soldiers of the Empire, who fell in 1917 and 1918, and 281 Germans. TEMPLEUX-LA-FOSSE GERMAN CEMETERY, on the East side of the village, containing the graves of 34 soldiers from the United Kingdom. Of these 33 were buried by their comrades in September, 1918. VAUX WOOD BRITISH CEMETERY, VAUX-SUR-SOMME, within Eastern edge of the wood. Here were buried, in September, 1918, 25 soldiers from the United Kingdom (mainly of the London Regiment). MADAME MILITARY CEMETERY, Clery-sur-Somme, near the road to Bouehavesnes, where 56 soldiers from the United Kingdom (mainly 33rd Division) were buried in January-March 1917. Three of these were returned to Serre Road Cemetery No.2, Beaumont-Hamel, and 53 at Peronne. (The origin of this name is uncertain, but the Germans had a "Maidan Trench" opposite).

      Historical note on B.W.Hougham,son of Bertram Lee Hougham of Deal.Kent,England.
      B.W.Hougham.Captain of West Kent Regiment, killed In Battle of the Someme,8 Sept.1918,age I8. (22- RY)
      On August 22, l928 a medal was given to his father with the following letter;- "In the field,9th Sept.I9l8. Dear Mr Hougham you will have heard officially by now of the death of your son,Captain B.W Hougham,who fell in action leading his company on September 5th. I cannot tell you how sorry we are and his loss is keenly felt by every officer and men of his batallion, and on their behalf I wish to express our deepest sympathy to you and his mother in your great Loss, I think he was generally loved by every one in the battallion, and although perhaps quiet and unassuming outwardly,I know his personality made itself felt. His gallantry in action was always marked and especially during this glorious battle he has always led his men with the greatest courage and dash. For his splendid work during the operations near Meault ,and Recordel, and Carney, August 22nd to 28th I have recommended him for the Military Cross ,and it is a great disappointment to me to know that he has not lived to receive it. His effects will be sent on to you, and I hope will reach you safely.
      t
      I enclose a letter written by his servant who was with him when he fell, also one that arrived today. He was buried in the churchyard of the ruined church at Nurlu by our Chaplain, in the presence of all his brother officers and a cross has been made and erected. With kindest regards, believe me, vours-sincerely, H.T.Goodland.Lt.Col.,Comdg.5R,Berkshire Regt.




      Captain William Hougham, M.C. 3rd Battn. Q.O. Royal West Kent Regt. Attached 5th Battn. Royal Berkshire Regt. Killed in Action at Nurlu, N.E. of Peronne, September 6th, 1918. Aged 22. Capt. B.W. Hougham was the only son of Mr and Mrs Betram Larkin Hougham, late of Hilden Cottage, Hildenborough, and his father was then Manager of the Tonbridge Branch of the National Provincial and Union Bank of England, Ltd., but has since transferred to Deal. Entering the School in January 1910, from Kent College, Canterbury, he left at Christmas 1913, and went to Paris to study the language. Returning in the following May, he was in his father's bank till November 1914, when he joined the Inns of Court O.T.C. He received a commission, dated June 13th, 1915, in the Special Reserve of the Queens Own Royal West Kent Regtiment, but on going out to France in May 1916, was posted to the 6th (Servie) Battn. of the Princess Charlotte of Wales Royal Berkshire Regiment, and with this Battalion he served in the Battles of the Somme. In November he was invalided home, and on his return to France in January 1917, rejoined the 6th Berkshires, and with this Battalion, and subsequently with the 5th Berkshires, he saw much service on many parts of the British Front. He had been promoted Lieutenant in the Special Reserve of the West Kents, July 1st, 1917, and from March 26th, 1918, was a Company Commander and Temporary Captain in the Berkshire Regiment. On September 6th, 1918, he was instantly killed by shrapnel just as his Comapny entered the village of Nurlu, and was buried in the British Military Cemetery close to the ruined church.
      The Chaplain wrote:- "I miss him very much, as I could always depend on his sympathy and help in my work."
      A Subaltern of his Company in the 5th Battn. :- "To know him was to like him. To live with and work under him was to learn how cheery and lovable a man he was and how true a gentleman."
      His Company Commander in the 6th Battn. :- "His intense keeness and thought for his men endeared him to them all."
      The C.O. of the 5th :- "I think he was generally loved by every one in the Battalion, and although perhaps quiet and unassuming outwardly, I knew his personality made itself felt. His gallantry in action was always marked, and especially during this glorious battle he has always led his men with the greatest of courage and dash. For his splendid work during the operations near Meaulte and Becordel and Carnoy, August 22nd to 28th, I have recommended him for the Military Cross, and it is a great disappointment to me to know that he has not lived to receive it."
      The award of the M.C. appeared in the Gazette of January 31st, 1919, dated February 1st, 1919.


      AWARDED THE MILITARY CROSS

      Lieutenant (Acting Captain) Bertram William Hougham, Royal West Kent Regiment, Special Reserve, attached 5th Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment.

      For conspicuous gallantry on 22nd August 1918, at Meaulte. By a skilful disposition he prevented the enemy from breaking through on the left flank. Later, at Becordel, when his company was out of touch with the division on his left, he formed a defensive against heavy machine gun fire until his position was relieved. Later, again at Carway, he got his company forward through heavy machine gun fire and drove back the enemy. Throughout his cheerful disregard of danger was a great incentive to his men.

      HOUGHAM, BERTRAM WILLIAM. M.C.
      Captain. 3rd Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment).
      Attached to the 5th (Service) Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment. Died Friday 6 September 1918. Aged 22. Born Faversham, Kent. Only son of Bertram Larkin Hougham and Genia Bella Hougham (née Smith) of Hilden Cottage, Hildenborough, Tonbridge, Kent. Buried Peronne Communal Cemetery Extension, Somme, France. Grave Ref: IV. M. 11. At the time of the 1901 census, the Hougham family resided at Wickhambreaux House, The Mall, Faversham, Kent. Head of the house was 30 year old Dover, Kent native Bertram Larkin Hougham, who was employed as a Bank Clerk. When the 1911 census was conducted, the family was residing at South Lawn, London Road, Tonbridge, Kent, and Bertram Larkin Hougham was a Bank Manager employed by the National Provincial and Union Bank of England, Ltd. Between 1910 and Christmas 1913, Bertram (junior) was a pupil at Canterbury College, and on leaving Canterbury he went to Paris, France, where he remained for a five months studying French. On his return from Paris, the then 17 year old Bertram was employed by the National Provincial and Union Bank of England, Ltd. at its Tonbridge branch which his father managed. On Thursday 17 December 1914, Bertram enlisted in The Inns of Court Training Corps, and trained at Berkhamstead, Hertfordshire. He served as Lance Corporal, 2393 in “C” and “K” Companies. From the O.T.C. he was commissioned (on probation) on Sunday 13 June 1915, in the Special Reserve of the Queens Own (Royal West Kent Regiment. In May 1916 he was posted to the 6th (Service) Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment, and was serving in the battalion when he was wounded which necessitated his evacuation the England in November 1916. Following the treatment for his wounding, Bertram returned to the Western Front in January 1917 and rejoined the 6th (Service) Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment in the field. On Sunday 1 July 1917, Bertram was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant in the Special Reserve, Queens Own (Royal West Kent Regiment. He was appointed a Company Commander and Temporary Captain whilst still serving with Royal Berkshire Regiment on Tuesday 26 March 1918. Bertram was killed by shrapnel just as his Company entered the village of Nurlu, Somme, France, and was buried in the British Military Cemetery close to the ruined church. The ruined church at Nurlu was later rebuilt by the local Architect Louis- Michel-Clément Faille, who was responsible for much reconstruction in the eastern Somme département after the Great War. Following his death, Bertram’s father received a number of letters of condolence, including one from his Commanding Officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Thomas Goodland, D.S.O. who wrote:- "I think he was generally loved by every one in the Battalion, and although perhaps quiet and unassuming outwardly, I knew his personality made itself felt. His gallantry in action was always marked, and especially during this glorious battle he has always led his men with the greatest of courage and dash. For his splendid work during the operations near Meaulte and Becordel and Carnoy, August 22nd to 28th, I have recommended him for the Military Cross, and it is a great disappointment to me to know that he has not lived to receive it." A Subaltern who had served in the same Company of the 5th (Service) Battalion wrote:- "To know him was to like him. To live with and work under him was to learn how cheery and lovable a man he was and how true a gentleman." Bertram’s former Company Commander in the 6th (Service) Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment wrote:-"His intense keenness and thought for his men endeared him to them all." The Chaplain of the 5th (Service) Battalion, Royal Berkshire Regiment wrote:- "I miss him very much, as I could always depend on his sympathy and help in my work." Notification of the award of the Military Cross to Bertram was published in The London Gazette dated Saturday 1 February 1919, which was later presented to his father who was residing at Deal, Kent. Peronne Communal Cemetery Extension, where Bertram is now at rest was begun by the 48th (South Midland) Division in March 1917, used by the Germans in 1918, and resumed by Australian units in September 1918. At the Armistice it contained 177 graves, which are now in Plots I and II. It was then enlarged when graves were brought in from the battlefields north and east of Peronne, one being that of Bertram from Nurlu. On the completion of his military service, and having survived the Great War, Bertram’s former Commanding Officer, Lieutenant- Colonel Henry Thomas Goodland, D.S.O. worked tirelessly for several years on behalf of the Imperial War Graves Commission.

      Left £750 12s 1d
    Person ID I844  Hougham
    Last Modified 28 Dec 2014 

    Father Hougham, Bertram Larkin
              b. 14 Oct 1870, Ospringe Kent Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 23 Apr 1940, Victoria war Memorial Hospital Deal Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years) 
    Mother Smith, Genia Bella
              b. 1872, Goodnestone Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 21 Nov 1959, Medhurst Row Farm Edenbridge Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years) 
    Married 1895  Faversham Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F404  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

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